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Chapter 3

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB30H3
Professor
Connie Boudens
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYB30 – Chapter 3 – Personality traits: Practical Matters  Even your style of handshaking can say something about your personality (with respect to the big five traits) What’s missing from the five factors?  This does not include physical characteristics, demographics, and unusual behaviour  Intelligence – not the notion of cognitive abilities rather memory, mathematical ability, thirst for knowledge, rational, logical, clear-minded, mature etc. o Usually intelligence is coupled with openness (sophistication, artistic, and intellectual interests, and intelligence) o In the lexical tradition, this would be coupled with culture o Some studies also find this to be matched up with conscientiousness (hardworking, smart, knowledgeable, organized etc.) o Emotional intelligence – how people perceive and process information about the social world  Religiosity – spiritual, prayerful, mystical, worshipful, devout, pious, orthodox, godly, born again, heretical, irreverent, and agnostic o Also considered a secondary trait – applicable for certain purposes but not a core aspect of personality o Correlations with A, C and sometimes O and E o Spiritual transcendence – the ability of individuals to stand outside of their immediate sense of time and place to view life from a large, more objective perspective (Spiritual Transcendence Scale  prayer fulfillment, universality and connectedness  Sexuality – refers to the sexy seven (generally seen as a way we express our traits) o Sexual attractiveness o Relationship exclusivity o Gender orientation o Sexual restraint o Erotophilic disposition (what turns you on) o Emotional investment o Sexual orientation  Indigenous personality – unique personality traits o The idea of cultural differences within personality traits, go way beyond the five factors o Philotimo – polite, generous, responsible, respectful and a strong sense of honor (Greek culture) o Filial piety – caring for the mental and physical well-being of one’s elderly parents, continuing the family line and brining honor to one’s family and ancestors (Chinese) o Amae – relationships between people of lower and high status, such as bosses and workers, in addition to relationship between parents and children (Japanese) The five factors in other cultures  Questionnaire measures of the five factor model reliably replicate across many cultures and languages o Tested and validated in over 50 countries  Adjectival measures of the big five reveal variations of neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness but not openness in many different cultures  Openness varies across cultures o Might be unique to Anglo-Saxon cultures especially those which include imagination, emotionality, psychological liberalism and adventurousness o Emphasis on western’s culture of intellectual freedom, emotional expressiveness, and individual uniqueness  In some cultures more than five factors are needed to fully describe personality  We need more research on indigenous personality to truly see which aspect of personality are universal and which are unite to a culture  Personality traits in China – a collectivist culture o Harmony – tolerance and contentment o Ren Qing – traditional relationship orientation emphasizing give and take and connectedness o Ah-Q mentality – defensiveness o Face – reputation and social approval
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