Textbook Notes (368,566)
Canada (161,966)
Psychology (9,696)
PSYB30H3 (485)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Connie Boudens

Personality Psychology – Foundations and Findings Chapter 1 – Who Am I? Understanding the Building Blocks of Personality What Is Personality Psychology - The scientific study of what makes us who we are - The study of individual differences - Studying the building blocks/raw materials that make us think and ask as we do - The elements of personality come together to create a whole person in a way that is not reducible to its parts - The Building Blocks of Personality o Traits – a person’s typical way of thinking, feeling, and acting in various situations at different types  Can develop innately, through socialization, and from personal experiences  Consistent across our lives o Genetics – how genes and environment affect personality and behaviour  Every personality variable has both a genetic component and an environmental component; nature and nurture work together to make us who we are  We inherit specific personality characteristics and potentialities that may be expressed depending on the environment o Neuroscience – how our brain and nervous system affect personality and behaviour through the study of bodily responses, brain structure, brain activity, and biochemical activity  Research suggests – extroversion, neuroticism, and impulsivity are related to physiological and neurological differences; part of who we are is built into us by our neurology o Self and identity – our own sense of who we are (self-concept), our opinion about who we are (self-esteem), and the way we present ourselves to others or embrace what others think of us (social identity) o Intrapsychic foundations of personality – we can look within ourselves (intra) to our conscious and unconscious thoughts and feelings (psychic) that make up our personality (intrapsychic)  Freud – physical disorders could have (often unconscious) psychological causes  Early experiences leave an indelible unconscious imprint on our adult personalities  Suggested that personality could be changed, originated psychotherapy o Regulation and motivation: Self-determination Theory – when people feel free to choose, are competent at what they do, and are connected to people around them, they will be motivated and self-directed for the task at hand  Building block: how people adjust responses to the environment consciously and unconsciously o Cognitive foundations – how people perceive and think about information about themselves and the world  Individual differences in locus of control, learned helplessness, learned hopelessness, and optimism-pessimism - Putting it All Together: Integration o Combining the building blocks of personality into a whole person o In personality, the whole is greater than the sum of the parts o Genetics and neurology interact with cognitions, attachments, and motivations to determine our sexual orientation How Do Psychologists Study Personality? - The Scientific Method o Research is based on empiricism – using direct experience to draw conclusions about the world o Psychology research relies on the scientific method o Starts with identification of basic facts about the world and building a theory o Make predictions and test them using controlled methods (i.e. an experiment) o Report results through publishing or presenting them to seek independent verification from other researchers o Science progresses along a continuum from casual observation to controlled experimentation (figure 1.1) o Theories reach the status of a law with more research until an alternative theory can explain the evidence better - Observational Studies and Personality Questionnaires o Observational stud
More Less

Related notes for PSYB30H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.