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Chapter 13

Personality Chapter 13 Notes.docx

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Connie Boudens

Personality Chapter 13 Notes: - Resilience is the ability to recover from tragedy, adversity, hardship, or to adapt to ongoing life stressors - When a traumatic event happens humans have the capacity to maintain a psychological equilibrium and rebound to our former states of well-being - When a traumatic event hits a person they may not survive it or they may become crippled by the event - However there are people who recover (resilience) from the event or even achieve a better level of functioning (thriving) than before the event - There are four kinds of models of how personality impacts health: 1) According to health behaviour models people with high conscientiousness or with an internal locus of control adopt a healthier lifestyle and take better care of themselves 2) According to the transactional stress moderation models people high in neuroticism or sensation seeking may influence a person’s exposure to stressful or dangerous circumstances 3) Constitutional predisposition models suggest that there may be some underlying genetic factors that influence both personality and disease 4) Interactional stress moderation models are the most fascinating because it suggests that personality characteristics modify physiological responses by reducing or increasing them - Resilient people tend to be high in hardiness, trait resilient, and experience lots of positive emotions - Hardy people have three important characteristics that helps them not become ill during stressful times: 1) They believe they can control their own outcomes and reinforcements 2) They are actively engaged in the social world around them by being committed to others and turning their stressful experiences into something interesting 3) They look at challenge as an opportunity rather than it being the end of the world - Hardiness is related to better health, protection against burnout, greater activity in the elderly, better quality of life among those facing a serious illness,
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