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Chapter 8

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Connie Boudens

Chapter 8: Intrapsychic Foundations of personality Transference- Where our early love relationships for our parents get transferred to our future spouse Psychic energy- Freud believed that this fueled the functions of the mind including thinking, imagining and remembering Instincts/ impulses- Always apart of us Eros- Life instincts. Concerned with survival of the person and concerned with physiological needs such as water and air. Thanatos- Death instincts. Freud believed that this was aggression Libido- Psychic energy of the life instincts Freud believed that the most important life instincts is sex Free Association- The patient is relaxed and the therapist talks to them enabling them to say whatever comes to their mind Dream analysis- Freud believed that dreams were a road to the unconscious. Manifest content- People are able to describe what they saw in their dreams Latent content- The hidden meaning of the dream Parapraxes- Mistakes caused by unconscious desires Freudian slip- Mistake in speech. Psychologists now believe that people could have been primed before so it does not relate any innate desires. Symbolic behaviours- Allows us to safely express or id impulses under the disguise or a harmless before. Word association method- Used to identify the connections people make with words IAT- Measures strength of association between concepts Structural model of personality- the id, the ego and the superego Two ways of satisfying the id: 1. Reflex action- When the id seeks gratification through immediate physical action 2. Wish fulfillment- The id seeks gratification by imagining what it wants through fantasies. Identification- the ego tries to match the wishes of the id with events in the real world Superego- Watches over the id and ego and has two parts the conscience and ego ideal Ego ideal- Contains knowledge of what we should do .Rewards us with feelings of pride when we have done something right The topographic model of personality- consists of the conscious, preconscious and unconscious minds Preconscious mind- thoughts that are just outside of our awareness but are assessable is we try Defence Mechanisms: Isolation- When we try to mentally separate a thought from another thought Undoing- A person who has either thought about performing or who has already performed an unacceptable behavior attempts to nullify that action with a later action. Ex. An abusive husband that bring his wife flowers even though he knows what he has done Counterfactual thinking- Going over past events in your mind and thinking about how you would have done it differently Catharsis study- Research has shown that the aggressive people after punching the punishing bag were not less aggressive they were actually 3 times more aggressive than those who had not released their aggression Projection- We attribute our own disturbing or unacceptable impulses to another person. For example, say we fight with a friend. Afterward in recalling the incident we might remark “She was very hostile” instead of admitting our own feelings of aggression. Often- times, what we find annoying in other people is actually more revealing of our own insecurities Sublimation- Changing impulse into something more acceptable . Freud thought that we sublimate our sexual tension into productive members. The difference between suppression and repression: In suppression the ego consciously keeps unacceptable thoughts or urges outside of our awareness whereas in repression the process is unconscious. For example, if we are faced with an event or a thoug
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