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Intrapsychic foundations of personality.docx

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Connie Boudens

Intrapsychic foundations of personality – Chapter 8: Attachment theory: we form emotional bonds with our caregivers, which become mental representation ‘’ internal working model ‘’ of all future relations. Our feelings from the past signify the type of relationship we will have with people especially if they are similar to our caregivers – personality characteristics and behavior. Therefore, we form mental representations of ourselves, others and our relationships based on our past experiences. For example boy meets girl, boy breaks girls heart... girl does not trust no boy. Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis: Instinct = connection between mind + body Much of Freud theories were based on many scientists like Darwin. He believed that the body required energy to perform bodily functions (blood circulation, respiration, muscular activity) and so can be said for the mind. Mind = psychic energy, it fuels thinking, imagining and remembering. It must be conserved, neither created nor destroyed and the mind + body energy work together to form a mental representation of a physical/bodily need. Impulses = instinct : something that needs to be satisfied, ‘’ itch’’ and you can choose to gratify them, deny them, turn them into something acceptable or ignore them. Life instincts – Eros Death instincts – Thanatos - survival of the species concerned - aggression, most psychologist with food, water, air and sex = libido. reject this explanation. Overall Freud has Freud would say sex was important but emphasized aggression and sex, stating others would say relationships and self that we are so overwhelmed by it we just esteem. show them in socially acceptable ways. For the rest of the energy that we cannot show socially, they are expressed unconsciously. Freud stated that unacceptable urges leak into our conscious thoughts through many ways: Free association: just like hypnosis, a therapist sits behind his client who feels somewhat relaxed and expresses whatever concerns comes to his mind. This method is thought to believe that the patient will most likely reveal unconscious thoughts. For example Freud picking of the fork over the hammer. The association of the fork = child, hammer = hysterical woman, misdiagnosed. Dream analysis: ‘’ the interpretation of dream is the royal road to knowledge of the unconscious activities of the mind’’. Detailed examination of the content and symbolism of a dream in order to decipher their hidden, unconscious meaning. He stated that we when are asleep our safety value allows a control release of unconscious tension built up by our instincts. That is why when we are asleep our unconscious dreams and thoughts make themselves known. On waking many people are able to express what they saw in their dream = manifest content. What others can make from their dreams in terms of understanding = latent content. Parapraxes (mistakes caused by unconscious desires): mistakes in speaking and action: thoughts and deeds. Freud believed that nothing is forgotten, misplaced, hidden, or whatsoever. Rather, they are to reveal our hidden desires. - Freudian slip : mistake speech, others argue that people may make mistakes because of certain thoughts not rel
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