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PSYB30H3 (478)
Chapter 5

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Marc A Fournier

Chapter 5Five Basic TraitsIn the Brain and in BehaviourE EXTRAVERSION Like all of the Big Five dimensions Extraversion is a broad and bipolar continuum running form the high end extremely high extraversion to the low end extremely high introversionSocial Behaviour and cognitive Performance Extraverts are more socially dominant than introvertsCognitive performanceextraverts seem to show superior performance to introverts on tasks requiring divided attention resistance to distraction and resistance to interference Introverts tend to perform better on tasks requiring vigilance and careful attention to detailsFeeling GoodExtraverts report greater levels of positive affect in everyday life than do introverts Extraverts report more positive affect than introverts but do not necessarily report any less negative affectExtraverts may be less responsive to punishment than introverts is one explanation to why extraverts report more positive feelings than introvertsMoreover compared to introverts extraverts appear to be better able to regulate their moodsmood regulation is the ability to maintain a positive ratio of good to bad feelings in life There is evidence to suggest that extraverts are better able to savor positive experiences than introvertsThere is a significant direct effect of extraversion on social competence and significant and direct effect of social competence on happiness The association between extraversion and happiness happens in two waysfirst extraverted people tend to have more social skills and competence and second there is some direct effect of extraversion on happiness itselfIn sum people high in extraversion tend on average to report more positive emotion and happiness than people in extraversion though there are exceptions N NEUROTICISM The many ways to feel badNeuroticism is described as a continuum from emotional instability to emotional stability Alot of research suggests that individual differences in neuroticism are linked to differences in the experience of negative emotional states Persons scoring high on N report more bad feelings than do person scoring low on N but they do not necessarily report fewer good feelings this seems to be the exact opposite of extraversion Rather than being opposites good feelings and bad feelings seem to be rather independent
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