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Canada (158,372)
Psychology (9,573)
PSYB30H3 (478)
Chapter 1

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Marc A Fournier

Chapter 1Studying the Person Personality psychology is the scientific study of the whole person The ultimate goal of personality psychology is to construct a scientifically credible account of psychological individuality Personality psychologists often study individual differences in people What Do We Know When We Know A PersonSketching an Outline Dispositional Traits Personality traits are those general internal and comparative dispositions that we attribute to people in our initial efforts to sort individuals into meaningful behavioural categories and to account for consistencies that we perceive or expect in behaviour from one situation to the next and over time Most common procedure for quantifying individual differences in dispositional traits is by using selfreport questionnaires The Big Five trait categories are Openness to experience conscientiousness extraversion agreeableness and neuroticismFilling in the Details Characteristic Adaptations Trait attributions are useful because they tell us about trends in behaviour over time and across different situations settings and contexts Characteristic adaptations are contextualized facets of psychological individuality that speak to motivational cognitive and developmental concerns
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