Textbook Notes (369,153)
Canada (162,424)
Psychology (9,699)
PSYB30H3 (485)
Chapter 6


6 Pages

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Marc A Fournier

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CHAPTER 6 Continuity and Change in Traits The Roles of Genes Environments and TimeThe Continuity of TraitsTwo Kinds of Continuityabsolute continuity the extent to which a personality attribute exists in the same amount over timeusually refers to group averages on personality characteristics assessed at two or more points in time not the single individualusually comes into play when personality psych consider hypotheses about human developmentdifferential continuity the longitudinal consistency of individual differences assesses the extent to which people maintain their relative positions within a particular distribution with respect to a particular personality characteristic over timeindividuals relative standing to one another on a given dimensionextent to which individuals hold their relative positions on a trait dimension is calculated with a correlation coefficient individuals scores from time 1 and time 2 high correlation coefficients 1 means high differential continuityabsolute continuity and differential continuity are completely unrelated to each otherDifferential Continuity in the Adult Yearslongitudinal studies show remarkably high differential continuity in personality traits over the adult lifespanratings that make up the Big Five traits have shown substantial differential continuitymany correlation coefficients are around 65personality traits are not set in stone by the time we reach our adult yearspersonality trait scored at Time 1 in adulthood are good but not perfect predictors of scores on the same traits at Time 2the longer the time interval the lower the differential continuity factors that influence differential continuity 1 the length of time 2 age of the participants in the studygreater differential continuity in personality traits as people age up through late midlifeChildhood Precursors From Temperament to Traitstemperament individual differences in basic behavioural style assumed to be present at birth in some form and thus largely biologically determinedtemperament dimensions use conceptual schemes for understanding what they measuresimplest scheme was made based on interviews of mothers of babies3 different types of temperament patterns 1 Easy Babies babies with consistently positive mood lowtomoderate intensity of emotional reactions and regular sleeping and eating patterns 2 Difficult Babies babies with consistently negative moods intense emotional reactions and irregular sleeping and eating cycles
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