Textbook Notes (363,212)
Canada (158,271)
Psychology (9,573)
PSYB30H3 (478)
Chapter 8


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University of Toronto Scarborough
Marc A Fournier

CHAPTER 8 social cognitive approaches to personality theories and conceptions of personality that emphasize the extent to which human beings are informationprocessing systems who use schemas beliefs values expectancies and other cognitive constructs to guide their behaviour in the social worldhow people make and use mental representations of themselves of others and of their social worlds and how those representations are implicated in social behaviourThe Psychology of Personal ConstructsGeorge Kellys theory of personal constructs was the first socialcognitive theory of personalityGeorge Kellys Theorya person is motivated to predict or anticipate what will happen to themeach of us classifies their world by developing personal constructs Kellys concept of a characteristic way of construing how some things are alike and some things are different from each other Kellys fundamental postulate and eleven corollariesfundamental postulate A persons processes are psychologically channelized by the ways in which they anticipate events 1 Dichotomy Corollary A persons construction system is composed of a finite number of dichotomous constructs every construct is bipolar specifying how two things are similar to each other and different from a third thing 2 Experience Corollary A persons construction system varies as they successively construe the replication of events 3 Organization Corollary Each person characteristically evolves for their convenience in anticipating events a construction system embracing ordinal relationships between constructs certain constructs are superordinal encompassing many other constructs and others are subordinal being encompassed by larger constructs 4 Individuality Corollary Persons differ from one another in their construction of events 5 Sociality Corollary to the extent that one person construes the construction process of another he or she plays a role in a social process involving the other person 6 Range Corollary a construct is convenient for the anticipation of a finite range of events range of convenience extent to which a given personal construct is likely to guide a persons interpretation of events and the behaviour they show 7 Modulation Corollary The variation in a persons construction system is limited by the permeability of the constructs within whose range of convenience the variants lie 8 Fragmentation Corollary a person may successively employ a variety of construction subsystems that are inferentially incompatible with each other the person is likely to have a difficult time making sense of the world 9 Construction Corollary A person anticipates events by construing their replications 10 Choice Corollary A person chooses for themselves that alternative in a dichotomized construct through which they anticipate the greater possibility for extension of their system
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