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PSYB30H3 (485)
Chapter 7

CHAPTER 7.docx

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Marc A Fournier

CHAPTER 7 motives a recurrent preference for a particular quality of experience which energizes directs and selects behaviour in certain situationswhat we want is often derived directly from what we needmotives and goals are one class of characteristic adaptationspeople want things and they act upon those wantsThe Psychoanalytic ViewMost influential psychologist was Sigmund Freudprime inventor of psychoanalysis approach to psychology that focuses on the unconscious determinants of behaviour intrapsychic conflict and instinctual drive concerning sexuality and aggression Freuds theory of motivation has four basic propositions 1 determinism forces over which we have little control determine all human behaviour and experience 2 drive powerful forces within us can be traced back to drives or instincts drives for sexuality and aggression 3 conflict forces that determine all our behaviour and experience are in conflict with one another which causes us anxiety 4 the unconscious we do not even know what those forces that determine our behaviour are they are unconscious to us human mind as a machine uses energy psychic energy was drawn from 2 biological instincts 1 life instincts group of instincts serving sexual reproduction and survival also called eros 2 death instincts instinctual drives assumed to motivate the person toward the behaviour and experience promoting ones own death and destruction or aggression toward others also called thanatosThe Unconsciousunconscious the state of being outside of awareness The unconscious is a shadowy realm of the mind wherein reside repressed thoughts feelings memories conflictsmuch of what we know and feel is outside our conscious awarenesstopographical model Freuds model of the mind which distinguishes among the conscious preconscious and unconscious regionsconscious region contains what a person is currently aware ofpreconscious region contains material about which the person is not currently aware but which could readily enter awareness should the person decide to retrieve the materialmaterial in the unconscious region of the mind cannot be readily retrieved elements repressedRepression and Repressorsmuch of what we feel and think about people and social situations appears to be driven by
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