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Chapter 1

Personality - Chapter one

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Marc A Fournier

Chapter 1 Personality The ultimate e goal of personality psychology is to construct a scientifically credible account of psychological individuality. Such an account must situate a person in a biological and cultural context while specifying how that person is similar to and different from other persons. Individual differences: Is what Personality psychologists study in people. What do we know when we know a person? (Scenario of Amanda in textbook ) a) Sketching an outline: Dispositional Traits -> How well do you know Amanda after this scenario? You have seen her in one setting so it is difficult to generalize, but surprised of how tense she was at the beginning of the evening and how comfortable she was at the end. What does this all mean? In general we would say Amanda seems to be moody but very warming and caring. By saying this we have begun to sketch a personality portrait. Organizing what I think I might now know about Amanda into general statements concerning her characteristic patterns of behavior though and feelings. It may turn out that I may be completely wrong but you have to start somewhere, the place to start is with dispositional traits. What are personality traits? General, internal and comparative dispositions that we attribute to people in our initial efforts to sort individuals into behavioral categories. These kinds of trait attributions (saying Amanda is warm moody caring etc) might guide you in future interactions with her. Quantifying individual differences in dispositional traits most common procedure is self report questionnaires, rationale behind this is that most people have a good idea of what their basic traits are. (20 questions) How many dispositional traits might there be? 18000 words in the English Lang (by 2 psychologists Allport and Odbert), 4500 of them are relatively stable. Since then the list went down, different dispositional traits that might be invoked to outline psychological individuality can be grouped in 5 categories. Called the big five trait category, which sketches the outline of the person. OCEAN page 7 b) Filling in the Details : Characteristic Adaptation With my evening with Amanda I have learned a lot of things that do not fit neatly into the www.notesolution.com
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