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Canada (161,928)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYB30H3 (485)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1

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Marc A Fournier

CHAPTER 1 Personality psychologistsoften study individual differences in people from birth to death (with emphasis on the adult years) Three Ways of thinking of psychological Individuality: 1. Dispositional Traits- general, internal, and comparative dispositions that we attribute to people in our initial efforts to sort individuals into meaningful behavioural categories and to account for consistencies we perceive or expect in behaviour from one situation to the next and over time consistent across situations and time most common method for quantifying individual differences in dispositional traits is self-report tests Hans Eysenck & Raymond B. Cattell (Influential personality psychologists) Big Five: dispositional trait categories (O): Openness to Experience (C): Conscientiousness (E): Extraversion (A): Agreeableness (N): Neuroticism 2. Characteristic Adaptations: Aspects of personality that are contextualized in time, place, andor role. Contextualized facets of psychological individuality that speak to motivational, cognitive, and developmental concerns in personality 3. Life Stories: an internalized and evolving narrative of the self that integrates the reconstructed past, perceived present, and anticipated future in order to provide a life with a sense of unity and purpose Science: Step 1: Unsystematic Observation: observe the area of interest over a long period of time one must be a creative observer who preserves order and patterns where it has not been perceived before Context of Discovery: the scientist operates seeks to discover new ways of seeing reality - highly subjective observations www.notesolution.com
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