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Chapter 3

Chapter 3 - Analytical Psychology

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Marc A Fournier

Chapter 3 – Analytical Psychology The Nature and Structure of Personality  Lonely childhood and fainting spells (maybe had childhood psychosis [break from reality])  Carl Jung believed the structure of personality was a network of interacting systems  He referred to the total personality and all psychological processes as the psyche  He uses this term to emphasize that the psyche embraces both conscious and unconscious processes Psychic Energy  Jung believed the libido was an appetite or psychic energy that arises not only from sexuality but from other hungers as well  He criticized Freud for his over emphasis on sexuality in his work  The libido is a psychic energy that seeks balance and moves a person towards self realization The Ego  Jung saw the ego as the executor of personality  The ego is the conscious mind and selects thoughts, feelings, and memories that may enter consciousness  It allows stability when we perceive ourselves The Personal Unconscious and It’s Complexes  The personal unconscious is the thoughts, feelings, and memories that have been put aside and may be easily retrieved  A complex is an organized group of thoughts, feelings, and memoriesShemas o A complex has a constellating power – it draws in new ideas and interprets them  Example – like a magnet o The more constellating power a complex has, the more powerful it is o Depending on people’s reaction in a word association test, he can understand your complex as they are related concepts  A complex may be conscious, unconscious, or partly conscious. It may also dominate an entire personality The Collective Unconscious  It contains potentialities that we all share. It is ‘transpersonal’  It contains experiences we all have had and is universal Archetypes  An archetype is a universal predisposition to respond to the world in a certain way  Efforts to deny or destroy an archetype makes one unbalances  They can never be fully known or described because they never fully enter consciousness  It is helpful to get in touch with them because they represent the psyche  The persona is a social role one assumes in a society o To neglect it is to become asocial o The persona is assigned to a group  The shadow is the unsocial thoughts, feelings, and behaviours that are incompatible with our social standards o To neglect or deny our shadow leads to hypocrisy and deceit o “angels are not suited for existence on earth” o If one side of us is too weak, the other comes up and if one is too strong, the other is repressed  The anima is the feminine side of the male, and the animus is the masculine side of the female o It contains experiences about the opposite sex o It is essential in understanding the opposite sex o Jung believed women’s consciousness is characterized by the ability to enter relationships and the male’s consciousness is characterized by the ability to be rational and analytic o The anima and animus compensate for the outer conscious personality assigned by society o A woman may repress her anima, forcing it to intrude upon their life, or they may identify with it (being masculine)  The self attempts to harmonize all the archetypes and organizes psychic energy so that different parts of the personality are expressed at appropriate times o Shadow at a party, socially acceptable at work (persona) etc o The true self lies in the boundary of conscious and unconscious o Mandala – Hindu and Buddhist symbol of the universe, is also a symbol of the self  It represents striving towards the self and wholeness BALANCE  Freud does have aspects of the collective unconscious in his work, but mainly emphasized the personal unconscious Psychological Types  Attitudes are ways of perceiving the environment  Functions are orienting experiences – cognitive processing styles The Attitudes  Extraversion is an attitude in which the psyche is oriented outward toward the objective world o Tends to be more comfortable with the outer world  Introversion is an attitude in which the psyche is oriented inward toward the subjective world o More comfortable with the inner world The Functions  Sensation and intuition refer to how we gather information o Sensation is using the five senses and dealing with facts and reality o Intuition is looking for relationships and meaning  Thinking and feeling refer to how we come to conclusions and make judegements o Thinking prefers logic o Feelings is concerned with personal values, attitudes, and beliefs 
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