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PSYB30H3 (478)
Chapter 6

Chapter 6 - Ego Analytic Psychology

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Marc A Fournier

Chapter 6 – Ego Analytic Psychology Anna Freud  Neurotic symptoms do not have the meaning in a child’s life that they do in a adults life  Devised an assessment procedure known as diagnostic profile – organize and integrate the data acquired during assessment o Gives a complete picture  Developmental line refers to a set of ego-id interactions that decrease child’s dependence and increase’s ego mastery o Dependency to self reliance o Sucking to eating o Wetting / soiling to bowel control o Irresponsibility to responsibility in body management o Play to work o Egocentric to companionship  She suggested that crisis and rebellion in adolescence is normal  Stressed environmental factors in childhood disturbances  While Freud concentrated on unconscious processes  She believed that in order for id drives to emerge in analysis the ego must be aware of the defence mechanisms it uses. These can be seen in observable behaviour  Identification with our aggressor – we begin to admire them o A great way for us to reduce anxiety when we have no control by acting like someone who HAS control Erik Erikson  Showed that the ego is a creative problem solver  Elaborated on Freud’s stages, and included a social deminsion  Included the entire life span in development  Explored the impact of culture and society on personality An Enhanced Understanding of the Ego  Sided with Hartman  Believed the ego has a positive role of maintaining effective performance instead of a negative role of avoiding anxiety The Psychosocial Stages of Development  Made explicit the social dimension while freud concentrated on the biological character  Psychosocial stages stresses the conflicts children encounter at certain periods o Negative and positive emotional components in the conflicts, if the conlicts are resolved, the positive components are reflected more, but if they are not, the negative is  Stages or epigenetic in that they are a hierarchy, and are also cumulative  Each stage has a critical period, in which if nothing happens then it will ruin  Each stage has a life crisis in which the person must make a turn one way or another  Each stage results in ego strengths or virtues Trust Versus Mistrust: Hope  This first stage corresponds with Freuds oral stage  Children are highly dependent  Too much of frustration or indulgence is negative  If infants receive inadequate or rejecting care, they gain mistrust  Trust is when there is a correlation between our needs and the world  A balance of trust and mistrust will lead to the development of the ego strength hope – wishes can be satisfied in the face of disappointment and failure Autonomy Versus Shame and Doubt: Will  Corresponds to the anal stage  Autonomy or self control is not limit to toilet training  Using the word “no” is an attempt at autonomy  Tantrums are short periods of loss in autonomy  The virtue that results is will – freedom of choice and self control Initiative Versus Guilt: Purpose  Corresponds with phallic stage  They are in a intrusive mode: intruding into space and people. Have curiosity  Direct activity towards goals and achievement  If this curiosity is reinforced, child will be goal oriented, if it is punished, the child will have feelings of guilt thinking it is wrong to be curious  Language develops, being to identify with people they admire, fantasies are repressed and redirected, become more purposeful  The oedipal stage results the establishment of limits in the child  Results in the ego virtue of purpose – direction and focus in our efforts Industry Versus Inferiority: Competence  Corresponds with latency period  Child is expected to master the technology of their culture in order to gain respect from parents and peers  If children have not emerged from previous stages and have mistrust, guilt etc. They will have trouble in this stage  Children begin to make comparisons with others and see themselves as less favourable  The virtue that results is competence - using ones skill to complete tasks that society values Ego Identity Versus Role Confusion: Fidelity  Divided the genital stage into four sections!!!!  Ego
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