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PSYB30H3 (485)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10 - Traits and Personology

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Marc A Fournier

Chapter 10 –Traits and Psychology  Gordon Allport first to coin term humanistic psychology  Emphasized uniqueness of person The Nature of Personality  Defined personality as o Dynamic o Psychophysical o Determined o Organized o Characteristic (unique)  Suggested that personality is something that is actually there o Stressed testing it with neurophysiological techniques  Argued for a discontinuity theory  Continuity theory suggests the development of personality is the accumulation of skills, habits, and discriminations – quantative o Thus is a closed system  Discontinuity theory suggests personality development as transformations as one reaches higher levels of organizations – Qualitative  Freud pointed to discontinuity in his psychosexual stages, but remains semiclosed Traits  A trait is a predisposition to respond to the world in a certain way Common Traits  A common trait is a construct that allows us to compare individual’s predispositions within a culture Personal Predispositions  Is a trait that is unique to the individual  If a personal predisposition is so pervasive that it influences almost every behaviour it is a cardinal trait  Central dispositions are tendencies of an individual that provide adjectives to describe the person  Secondary dispositions are tendencies that are situational and less crucial o Dominating at home as the role of the father, but submissive when confronted by officer The Proprium  Tended to avoid terms like ego or self, because they cannot be accounted for  Proprium is the central experiences of self awareness that people have as they grow  Seven propriate functions develop as an individual grows  Believed that there is a radical discontinuity between child and adult, but also between adult and neurotic o Neurotics are dominated by drives, and their proprium’s are underdeveloped Functional Autonomy  Functional autonomy is the idea that motivation is not tied to the past o Preservative functional autonomy - behaviours that are repeated even with they have lost original function o Propriate functional autonomy – acquired interests, values, attitudes, intentions, life styles, that are directed from the proprium  Abilities frequently become interests  Not all behaviours are functionally autonomous A Definition of Maturity  Extension of sense of self – consider welfare of others  Warm relating of self to others  Emotional security – self acceptance  Realistic perception, skills, assignments  Self objectification (insight and humor)  Unifying philosophy of life o Understanding of
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