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Chapter 16

Chapters 16 - Cognitive Behaviour Theories

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Marc A Fournier

Chapters 16 – Cognitive – Behavioural Theories The Theory of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy  Animals use four fundamental processes: thinking, motivation, emotion, perception o All are interrelated  Thinking and emotion are closely interrelated o These merge into a self talk, or internalized sentences o We create our own emotional consequences  People try to impress and live up to the expectations of others o Accept themselves only if others accept them o This makes us prone to anxiety and depression  ABC Theory of Personality – when en emotional consequences (C) follows a activating event (A) it seems that A causes C, when it does not o Emotional consequences are largely caused by (B) belief system  These irrational thought, feeling, and action tendencies are grounded in musturbatory belief systems consisting of absolute musts o These belief systems can be genetic Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy  Goal of therapy is the enable clients to commit themselves to actions that are consistent with their value systems  Cognitive therapy – show clients to recognize their must thoughts, and separate rational from irrational beliefs  Emotive-evocative therapy – employs role plays, humor, to convince clients that others can accept them for their failings and to get intouch with their shameful feelings  Behaviour therapy – help change maladaptive behaviour and cognition  Desensitization – anxieties are reduced by gradual, imagined or real exposure to the noxious stimuli paired with relaxation and skill training  Some REBT therapists use implosive (sudden instead of gradual) confrontation with noxious stimuli Aaron Beck The Theory Behind Cognitive Therapy  REBT bases it’s concepts on philosophical, existential, and humanistic concepts  Cognitive therapy supports its concepts with empirical studies Cognitive Schemas  Schemas are cognitive structures that consist of beliefs and assumptions about how the world operates o Develop early in life through personal experiences and identification with significant others  Schemas of depressed individuals are negative and pessimistic beliefs Automatic Thoughts  Automatic thoughts are involuntary and unintentional o Hard to control o Function as inner voices or self monologue Cognitive Distortions  Errors in reasoning are called c
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