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Chapter 7

Chapter 7 notes

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Marc A Fournier

Chapter 7 Motives and Goals: What Do We Want in Life? Motivation: a term used to denote the forces and factors, usually viewed as residing within the person that energizes and direct behaviour. Common motivational ideas in personality psychology include wants, desires, needs, goals, strivings, projects, and tasks. Human behaviour is driven by wants and motivation is referred to the movement What gets people moving? Eric klinger animals go out to get the things they need or want in order to survive (much like humans) Look at characteristic adaptations that define a particular human life Characteristic Adaptations: more specific and psychological individuality that are contextualized in time, place, or social role o Make up level 2 of psychology o Motives and goals are one class of characteristic adaptations o People want things and they act upon it THE PSYCHOANALYTIC VIEW Sigmund Freud th o Most influential psychologist in 20 century o Prime inventor of psychoanalysis o Psychoanalysis: a general term for the approach to psychology pioneered by Freud and others who tend to focus on the unconscious determinants of behaviour, intrapsychic conflict, and instinctual drives concerning sexuality and aggression. The term also denotes the process of engaging in psychotherapy from a psychoanalytic standpoint o Inhibitions, repressed memories, the Oedipus complex and Freudian slips o The heart of psychoanalytic view of personality s Freuds theory of motivation Four basic propositions: 1) determinism 2) drive 3) conflict 4) unconscious www.notesolution.com Determinism forces over which we have little control determine all human behaviour and experience Drive these forces exist within us and they can be traced back to primitive drives or instincts and most important drives are sexuality and aggression Conflict the forces that determine all our behaviour and experience are in perpetual conflict with one another, which causes anxiety Unconscious we do not know what those farces that determine our behaviour and those conflicts in our lives are outside of our consciousness they are unconscious to us o Two drives 1) sexual and all other life instincts (this group of instincts is sometimes termed Eros) 2) aggression and all other death instincts (sometimes grouped under the name of Thanatos) Life instincts: Freud concept for a group of instincts serving sexual reproduction and survival Death instincts: Freuds concept for a group of instinctual drives assumed to motivate the person toward behaviour and experience promoting ones own death and destruction or aggression toward others THE UNCONSCIOUS Unconscious: the state of being outside of awareness. For Freud, the unconscious is a shadowy realm of the mind wherein reside repressed thoughts, feelings, memories, conflicts, and the like. Analogy of tip of the iceberg most of the iceberg is underwater which is what is really important in human life lies beneath the surface of consciousness Started with Arthur Schopenhauer and friedrich Nietzsche who emphasized aspects of human functioning that are outside of consciousness emotional and irrational urges that are antagonistic to conscious reason Hypnotism was used to access the unconscious mind www.notesolution.com
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