Textbook Notes (368,210)
Canada (161,710)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYB32H3 (1,174)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3 Notes

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Konstantine Zakzanis

CHAPTER 3 Brief History of classification - By end of 19 century, when medicine was becoming very civilized, as other sciences obtained classifications it was clear that classifications in abnormal psychology would be hard to obtain. - Early classification schemes failed due to lack of consistency among different psychological organizations Development of WHO and DSM systems - WHO tried to incorporate abnormal psychology into their international list of causes of death. - WHO had a listing of the diagnostic categories but the actual behaviour or symptoms were not specified. - DSM was first made in 1952 and in following years different versions came out. By 1980 DSM-III was released. In 1994 DSM-IV. The Diagnostic System of the American Psychiatric Association Five Dimensions of Classification Axis I All diagnostic categories except personality disorders and mental retardation. Axis II Personality disorders and mental retardation. Axis III General medical conditions. Axis IV Psychological and environmental problems. Axis V Current level of functioning. - This system forces the diagnostician to consider a wide range of information. - Most ppl consult a health professional for an axis I disorder, but prior to their onset may have had axis II disorder such as dependant personality disorder Diagnostic Categories Disorders usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood or adolescence - Separation Anxiety Disorder: excessive anxiety about being away from parents or home - Conduct Disorder: repeatedly violate social norms and rules - ADHD: difficulty sustaining attention and unable to control their activity when the situation calls for it. - Mental Retardation (Axis II): subnormal intellect functioning and defecits in adaptive functioning - Pervaise developmental disorders: Includes Autistic disorder; individual has problems in acquiring communication skills and deficits in relating to other people. www.notesolution.com
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