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PSYB32H3 (1,174)
Chapter 1

chapter 1

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Konstantine Zakzanis

ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Chapter 1 Introduction Psychotherapy: The field concerned with the development of abnormal behaviours, thoughts, feelings. Abnormal Behaviour: Include such characteristics as statistical infrequency, violation of norms, personal distress, disability or dysfunction, and unexpectedness Statistical Infrequency Most psychological disorders are infrequent in that they happen to affect a very small percentage of the population The normal curve is one that places most people in the middle section for a particular trait, and very few people on either extreme. In this case normalcy is regarded as not deviating from the middle area This method is good for diagnosing disorders (namely lowhigh I.Q) but not for explaining why they occur Violation of Norms Behaviour can be labelled abnormal if it violatesthreatens social norms or causes anxiety in those watching the behaviour The problem with violating social norms is that it is too broadnarrow to be an explanation of abnormal behaviour. I.e. criminals and prostitutes violate social norms but do not fall in the field of abnormal psychology (too broad); and a person who is extremely anxious may fall into the field of abnormal psychology but not violate any social norms (too narrow) Also, norms vary from culture to culture Personal Distress According to this characteristic, a behaviour is considered abnormal if it causes great distress and suffrage to the person performing it. www.notesolution.com
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