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PSYB32H3 (1,174)
Chapter 5

chapter 5

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Konstantine Zakzanis

ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Chapter 5 Research Methods in the Study of Abnormal Behaviour Science & the Scientific Method It is important scientific methods be reliable (replicable) and testable (open to systemic probe) Theory: A set of prepositions meant to explain a class of phenomena Hypothesis: Expectations of what should occur if the theory is true Scientists must often use theoretical concepts (unobservable states or processes that are inferred by observable data) to come up with a theory In abnormal psychology, theoretical concepts are used to fill in information that are unaccounted for based on a theory (i.e. if a person goes though a traumatic event, and their attitude suddenly changes we can use the theoretical concept of applied fear to fill the gap) Operationism, an earlier school of thought, suggested that each theoretical concept take as tis meaning, only observable and measurable operation (i.e. the concept of anxiety could be thought as schoring over 50 on an anxiety test) The problem with that was each concept was too specific, and it lost its generality. A concept did not include events, only one specific one www.notesolution.com
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