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Chapter 11

chapter 11

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Konstantine Zakzanis

Chapter 11: Schizophrenia Schizophrenia: psychotic disorder characterized by major disturbances in through, emotion, and behaviour disordered thinking in which ideas are not logically related, faulty perceptions and attention, flat or inappropriate affect, and bizarre disturbances in motor activity They withdraw from people and reality, often into a fantasy life of delusions and hallucinations Its own of the most severe psychopathologies Prevalence of 1% Clinical Symptoms of Schizophrenia Disturbances in several major areas thought, perceptions and attention, motor behaviour; affect or emotions and life functioning There is a lot of heterogeneity Positive Symptoms Positive symptoms: comprise excesses or distortions, such as disorganized speech, hallucinations and delusions, an acute episode of schizophrenia It involve the presence of a behaviour that is not apparent in most people Disorganized speech Aka formal thought disorder Disorganized speech: problems in organizing ideas and in speaking so that a listener can understand There is incoherence in conversations (not connected and hard to understand) Speech may also be disordered as loose associationsderailment (difficulty sticking to one topic) o They may drift off in what they are saying But disorganized speech is not a discriminator between schizophrenia and other psychoses (like some mood disorders) Delusions Thinking that others are plotting against you Delusions: beliefs held contrary to reality, are common positive symptoms Persecutory delusions are found in 65% of them They may think their thoughts are beings stolen from them or are being broadcasted Hallucinations and Other disorders of Perception They may feel depersonalized Hallucinations: sensory experiences in the absence of any stimulation from the environment (more auditory than visual) o They hear their own thoughts spoken by another voice o They hear voices arguing www.notesolution.com
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