Textbook Notes (368,245)
Canada (161,733)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYB32H3 (1,174)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3

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Konstantine Zakzanis

Chapter 3Classification and DiagnosisDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental DisordersDSMIV The Brief History of ClassificationPeople realized different illnesses required different treatmentsthThere was a lot of diversity of classification in the end of the 19 centuryDevelopment of the WHO and DSM systemsIn 1969 the WHO published a new classification system that was more widely accepted The WHO classifications were just lists of diagnostic categories but the actual behaviour or symptoms that were the basis for the diagnoses were not specifiedDSM 11 provided some crucial information but did not specify symptoms1988 DSM IVthe reasons for diagnostic changes were in it published in 1994The Diagnostic System of the American Psychiatric Association DSMIV and DSMIVTRDefinition of Mental DisorderIt recognizes that no definition adequately specifies precise boundaries for the conceptBut is conceptualized as a significant behavioural or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual and that is associated with present distress disability or increased risk of suffering death pain disability or loss of freedomIt cant be an expectable and culturally sanctioned response to an event like death of a loved oneIt cant be deviant behaviour nor conflicts that are primarily between the individual and societyFive dimensions of classificationMultiaxial classificationAxis 1 all diagnostic categories except personality disorders and mental retardationAxis 2 Personality disorders and mental retardationAxis 3 General medical conditionAxis 4 Psychosocial and environmental problems occupational economic interpersonal and family problemsAxis 5 Current level of functioning social relationships occupational function and use of leisure timeDiagnostic CategoriesIntellectual emotional and physical disorders usually begin in infancy childhood or adolescenceSeparation anxiety conduct disorder violate social norms repeatedly ADHD mental retardation pervasive developmental disorders problems in
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