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PSYB32H3 (1,174)
Chapter 5

Chapter 5

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Konstantine Zakzanis

Chapter 5Research Methods in the Study of Abnormal BehaviourScience and Scientific MethodsTestability and ReplicabilityPropositions and ideas must be stated in a clear and precise way so they can be tested A hypothesis must be willing to systematic testing that could show it to be falseWhatever is observed must be replicatedIf it cannot be reproduced then scientist become wary of the legitimacy of the original observationThe role of TheoryTheory a set of propositions meant to explain a class of phenomenaoIt permits the generation of hypothesis expectations about what should occur if a theory is trueoThey are constructions put together by scientistsoUse ethical concepts unobservable states or processes that are inferred from observable dataTheoretical concepts can also summarize already observed relationshipsOperationalism proposed that each concept take as its meaning a single observable and measureable operationTheoretical concepts are better defined by sets of operations than by a single operationThe Research Methods of Abnormal PsychologyOften researchers observe several events and try to determine how often they are associated or relatedResearchers want to know what the symptoms are and its relation to other found data and the reason for it eating disorder found more in females whyCommonly used research methods in abnormal behaviour case study epidemiological research the correlation method and various types of experimentsThe case studyStudying a patient one at a time and in detailCovers family history and background medical history educational background jobs held marital history development adjustment personality life course and current situationMay lack degree of control and objectivity of researchProvides detail description of rare or unusual phenomenon and of important methods or procedures diagnoses and treatmentIt can disconfirm uniformal aspectsIt can generate hypnoses that can be tested through controlled researchConstant comparative method consists of the identification of relevant units of information unitizing placing the units into categories that emerge
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