Textbook Notes (369,072)
Canada (162,366)
Psychology (9,699)
PSYB32H3 (1,174)

PSYB32 Ch 6

7 Pages

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Konstantine Zakzanis

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PSYB32 Ch 6Anxiety unpleasant feeling of fear and apprehension Anxiety disorders subjectively experienced feelings of anxiety are clearly present the most common psychological disordersUsually Comorbid More common in women 1524 years old than men Those w an anxiety disorder and those w a substancerelated disorder were less likely to seek professional help Phobia a disrupting fearmediated avoidance that is out of proportion to the danger actually posed and is recognized by the sufferer as groundless Sufficient distress and socialoccupational impairment to disrupt ones life Claustrophobia fear of closed spaces agoraphobia fear of public spaces acrophobia fear of heights ergasiophobia fear of writing pnigophobia fear of choking taphephobia fear of being buried alive Anglophobia fear of England mysophobia fear of contamination and dirt Psychologists tend to focus on diff aspects of phobias according to the paradigm theyve adopted Psychoanalysts see the phobic object as a symbol of an important unconscious fearBehaviourists ignore the content of the phobia and focus instead on its function eg fear of snakes and fear of heights are equivalent in the mean by which they are acquired in how they might be reduced and so on Specific phobias unwarranted fears caused by the presence or anticipation of a specific objectsituation Fears can be grouped into 1 of 5 factors 1 agoraphobia 2 fear of heightswater 3 threat fears needles blood storms 4 fears of being observed 5 speaking fears Phobias can vary crossculturally Eg in China there is Paleng a fear of the coldworries that loss of body heat may be lifethreatening yin yang Eg in Japan there is Taijinkyofusho fear of other pplfear of embarrassing othersblushing in their presence glancingtheir genital areasJapanese culture encourages extreme concern for the feelings of others yet discouraged direct commnSocial phobia persistent irrational fears linked to the presence of other pplppl avoid situations in which they might be evaluated fearing they will reveal signs of anxiousness or behave embarrassingly Generalized social phobia involve many diff interpersonal situations and specific social phobias is of one particular situation like public speaking Onset usually happens during adolescence when social awareness and interaction w others become more importantEtiology of PhobiasPsychoanalytic theory phobias are a defence against the anxiety produced by repressed id impulses this anxiety is displaced f the feared id impulse to an objectsituation w symbolic connection to itby avoiding the phobic stimuli and the person avoids dealing w repressed conflictsPhobia is the egos way of warding off a confrontation w the real problemStems f an interpersonal problem of childhood
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