Textbook Notes (363,082)
Canada (158,181)
Psychology (9,565)
PSYB32H3 (1,174)
Chapter 13

Chapter 13

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Mark Schmuckler

Chapter 13PeersFriendsTextbook NotesEARLY PEER INTERACTIONSInfancy and ToddlerhoodIndividuals outside the family are also important in the socialization processRelationships w peers are more freeegalitarianPeer relationships offers children the opportunity for a new kind of interpersonal experimentation and exploration06 months can touch look at each otherrespond to another babys crying by also crying However it may not really be social6 months Attempt to influence other baby by vocalizing touching and wave at the other baby Infant begins to recognize the other baby as a social partner 612 months13 to 24 months 12 yrs Children make gains in locomotion and language adopt complementary behaviour taking turnsexchanging roles Begins to engage in imaginative play2536 months 23 yrs Begin to prefer peers theyinvite other babies to play and signal cues when its time to switch rolesAs kids develop negative exchanges and conflict increase as wellPeer interactions develop into relationshipsRelationship is a succession of interactions btwn 2 pple who know each other that is altered by their shared past interactions and that also affects their future interactions These relationships resemble friendship in early form but not quite the same as older kids friendshipsThe Early School YearsKids prefer to spend more time w peers than w adults Trends continue into adolescenceHowever the time spent talking w peers may vary by cultureJust as parentsfamily are involved in socialization process so are peersPeer groups influence the development of the childPeers influence through reinforcement modelling and social comparison They also act as guides and instructorsTHE ROLE OF PEERS IN CHILDRENS SOCIALIZATIONPeers as Reinforcers of Desired BehavioursPeers reinforce certain behaviours by means of attention parents can take advantage of thisPeers as ModelsChildren learn new social skills through imitation modelling the dominantpresumably socially skilled member of the groupAs kids learn learns they imitate less often because they dont need to rely on othersChildren use imitation to learn rules but also to maintain social interactionPeers and the Development of the SelfPeers play important role in helping a child develop a selfimage and selfesteem serving as standard against which children evaluate themselvesMoroever children evaluate themselves via social comparisonPeers as GuidesInstructorsPeer interactions provide opportunities to acquire new skillsPLAYITS FUNCTIONSPlay Activity that is intrinsically motivated concerned more often with means than with ends free from external rules nonserioushighly engagingChildren spend more of their time outside of school playing w friends than they spend in any other activityWhat does play doFacilitates cognitive development
More Less

Related notes for PSYB32H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.