Textbook Notes (367,752)
Canada (161,368)
Psychology (9,685)
PSYB32H3 (1,174)
Chapter 1

Chapter one

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Konstantine Zakzanis

Chapter 1- ,3974:.9L43 01L3L9L43,O ,3 +L8947L.,O 438L07,9L438 ,3 ,3,,8 039,O Health System 70998KLOK44 Had difficulty in maintaining an erection when making love to his wife Had difficulty in maintaining an erection when making love to his wife He had a difficult childhood, his mother passed away when he was 6 and his father was a heavy drinker, diagnosed with manic depressive psychosis and could only afford to live in rundown neighbourhoods, thus he lived with his aunt for many weeks He managed to get to university with a loan, but then experienced bouts of sadness followed by manic elation (like his father) He was extremely nervous and self conscious He became a police, but his mood swings still bothered him In his thirties, him and his wife wanted a family, but he was unable to achieve an erection He also became suspicious of his wife, for she was becoming more beautiful than ever One day she came home late, he was already drunk, he accused her of infidelity, she taunted him of his inability to make love, and he left and now is seeking professional help Psychopathology: the field concerned with nature and development of abnormal behaviour, thoughts, and feelings Another challenge of abnormal psychology is the need to remain objective What is Abnormal Behaviour? There is no single one definition that is adequate The best definition of abnormal behaviour includes such characteristics as statistical infrequency, violation of norms, personal distress, disability or dysfunction, and unexpectedness The following 5 characteristics provide a framework for defining abnormality Statistical Infrequency One aspect of abnormal behaviour is that its infrequent The normal curve, or bell shaped curve, places the majority of people in the middle in any characteristic (very few people are at either end or extremes) :K038420430L8.438L0703472,O, L9L89K,9K0478K0408390;L,902:.K1742the average This statistical infrequency is used explicitly in diagnosing mental retardation When an individual8,L8-0O4Z , they are considered subnormal and considered mentally retarded But not all behaviours that are infrequent are abnormal (ex. great athletic ability) Violation of Norms Whether the behaviour violates social norms or threatens or makes anxious those observing it helps categorize it as abnormal There are exceptions to this also; criminals and prostitutes break social norms but are not considered abnormal or need to be studied within the domain of abnormal psychology Cultural diversity can affect how people view social norms What is normal in one culture may be abnormal in another 1 www.notesolution.com
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