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Psychology (9,573)
PSYB32H3 (1,174)
Chapter 6

Chapter 6 covered in week 6 of FALL 2010 semester

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Konstantine Zakzanis

PSYB32 CHAPTER 6 SUMMARY -ppl wanxiety disorders feel an overwhelming apprehension that seems unwarranted. DSM-IV- TR lists 6 principal diagnoses: phobic disorders, panic disorder, GAD, OCD, PTSD, and acute stress disorder. -Phobias are intense, unreasonable fears that disrupt the life of an otherwise normal person. They are re common. Social phobia is fear of social situations in which the person may be scrutinized by other ppl. Sp phobias are fears of animals, situations, the natural environ, and blood and injections. The psychoanalytic view of phobias is that they are defence against repressed conflicts. Behavioural theorists have several ideas of how phobias are acquire: through classical conditions, the pairing of an innocuous object or situation wan innately painful event; through operant conditioning, whereby a person is rewarded for avoidance; through modelling, imitation the fear and avoidance of others; and through cognition, by making a catastrophe of a social mishap that could be construed in a less ve fashion But not all ppl who have such experiences develop a phobia. It may be that a genetically transmitted physiological diathesis lability of the ANS predisposes certain ppl to acquire phobias. -A patient wpanic disorder has sudden, inexplicable, and periodic attacks of intense anxiety. Panic attacks sometimes lead to fear and avoidance of being outside ones home, a condition known as agoraphobia. A no. of laboratory manipulations (e.g., having the patient hyperventilate or breathe air wa high concentration of CO2) can induce panic attacks in those wthe disorder. Panic disorder patients ruminate about serious illness
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