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Psychology (9,545)
PSYB45H3 (1,056)
Chapter 2

Behaviour Modficiation - Chapter 2 Book Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

2 Observing and Recording Behaviour Measurement of the target behaviour is called behavioural assessment, which is important for many reasons: Measuring the behaviour before treatment provides information to determine whether treatment is necessary Behavioural assessment provides information that helps you choose the best treatment Measuring the target behaviour before and after treatment allows you to determine whether the behaviour changes after the treatment was brought forward There are two types of behavioural assessment, direct and indirect Indirect assessment: involves using interviews, questionnaires, and rating scales to obtain information on the target behaviour from the person exhibiting the behaviour o Information on the target behaviour depends on peoples memories o May not notice all the occurrences of the behaviour Direct assessment: a person observes and records the target behaviour as it occurs o Usually more accurate, because the observer is trained to observe the target behaviour and record its occurrence immediately The steps for observing and recording the target behaviour include: defining the target behaviour, determining the logistics of recording, choosing a recording method, and choosing a recording instrument Defining the Target Behaviour Must identify what the person says or does that constitutes the behavioural excess or deficit targeted for change A behavioural definition includes active verbs describing specific behaviours, and is objective and unambiguous. Also, does not make inferences about a persons intentions Does not include internal states, because they cannot be observed and recorded www.notesolution.com
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