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Chapter 6

Behaviour Modficiation - Chapter 6 Book Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

6 Punishment Punishment: a person engaged in a behaviour and there was an immediate consequence that made it less likely that the person would repeat the behaviour in similar situations in the future A punisher (also called an aversive stimulus) is a consequence that makes a particular behaviour less likely to occur in the future A stimulus event is a punisher when it decreases the frequency of the behaviour it follows Scolding and spanking do not function as punishers This is an example of positive reinforcement childs behaviour (hitting his sisters) results in the presentation of a consequence (scolding and spanking by his mother and crying by his sisters), and the outcome is that the child continues to engage in the behaviour day after day Punishment cannot be defined by whether the consequences appears unfavourable or aversive Some parents continue to scold or spank their children because it puts an immediate stop to the problem behaviour, even though their scolding and spanking do not make the childs problem behaviour, but does not make the childs problem behaviour less likely to occur in the future The parents behaviour of scolding or spanking is negatively reinforced, so the parents continue to spank or scold in the future when the child misbehaves A particular consequence is punishing only if the behaviour decreases in the future Example Carlton was riding his bike and looking down at the ground as he pedaled. All of a sudden, he ran into the back of a parked car, flew off the bike, and hit the roof of the car with his face. He knocked his front tooth lose. In the future, Ed was much less likely to look down at the ground when he rode his bike Punishment involves hope that the behaviour will stop, but also elements of retribution or retaliation; part of the intent is to hurt the person who has committed the crime The everyday meaning of punishment is different from the technical definition of punishment used in behaviour modification A common misconception is that the technical definition is associated with wrong or dangerous www.notesolution.com
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