Textbook Notes (362,790)
Canada (158,054)
Psychology (9,545)
PSYB45H3 (1,056)
Chapter 8

Behaviour Modficiation - Chapter 8 Book Notes

8 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

8 Respondent Conditioning Respondent behaviours are controlled by antecedent stimuli, and respondent conditioning involves the manipulation of antecedent stimuli Defining Respondent Conditioning Certain types of stimuli elicit specific types of bodily responses, such as the pupil of the eye constricts on exposure to bright light These are called unconditioned responses (URs): are elicited by antecedent stimuli even though no conditioning or learning has occurred A UR occurs in all healthy people when an unconditioned stimulus (US) is present Humans have evolved to respond to USs because the URs have survival value A UR is a natural reflexive action of the body that occurs when a US is present Respondent conditioning occurs when a previously neural (NS) is paired with a US The NS and US are presently together Thus, the NS becomes a conditioned stimulus (CS) and elicits a conditioned response (CR) similar to the CR A UR or CR is called a respondent behaviour Respondent conditioning is also called classical conditioning or Pavlovian conditioning. Pavlov presented the sound of the metronome and the meat powder together many times. After this, he presented the sound of the metronome by itself. The dog now salivated to the sound of the metronome without the meant powder in its mouth. The sound become a CS because it was paired a number of times with the meant powder Timing of the Neutral Stimulus and Unconditioned Stimulus The US should occur immediately after the onset of the NS www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for PSYB45H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.