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Chapter 10

Behaviour Modficiation - Chapter 10 Book Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

10 Prompting and Transfer of Stimulus Control Prompts: are used to increase the likelihood that a person will engage in the correct behavior at the correct time Used during discrimination training to help the person engage in the correct behavior in the presence of SD Are an antecedent stimuli given before or during performance of a behavior Function of prompts is to produce an instance of the correct behavior so that is can be reinforced The teacher provides supplemental stimuli (prompts) with the SD so that the student will perform the correct behavior D The teacher then reinforces the correct behavior so that in the future it will occur whenever the S is present Makes teaching or training more effective D Fading: is one way to transfer stimulus control from the prompts to the S Once the learn starts exhibiting the behavior correctly, the teacher fades the prompts D Once the prompts are removed, the behavior is under stimulus control of the S Thus, teaching is not complete until prompts are completely faded and the behavior is under the D stimulus control of the natural S Engaging in the correct behavior without prompts is the goal of prompting and fading Prompting gets the correct behavior to occur, while fading transfers stimulus control to the S The transfer of stimulus from the prompts should be done gradually Example - Tom could not hit the baseball even though instructions were delivered to them. The coach pointed to where Tom should stand and gestured how the ball would come in over the plate and where he should swing the bat www.notesolution.com
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