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Chapter 24

Behaviour Modficiation - Chapter 24 Book Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

CHAPTER 24: FEAR AND ANXIETY REDUCTION PROCEDURES Fear and anxiety reduction procedures are based on principles of operant and responding conditioning Examples of Fear and Anxiety Reduction Allison experienced intense fear reactions whenever she saw a spider She experienced rapid heartbeat, muscle tensions, sweating, etc. The only way that Allison could get relief was to get away from the spider or see it killed The doctor uses relaxation exercises while gradually approaching the spider in sessions By the end of the treatment, she was able to get close enough to a spider & kill it herself while reporting a low fear rating Defining Fear and Anxiety Problems Fear: composed of both operant and respondent behaviour When the stimulus is present, the person experiences unpleasant bodily responses and engages in escape or avoidance behaviour The bodily responses are respondent behaviours, also called anxiety The autonomic nervous system arousal involved in anxiety is an establishing operation that makes it more likely that the individual will engage in escape or avoidance behaviour Allisons Case CS the presence of a spider CR unpleasant sensations Operant behaviour running away when she sees the spider The behaviours of screaming and running away are negatively reinforced by the removal, www.notesolution.com
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