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Chapter 16

Behaviour Modification - Chapter 16 Book Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 16 Antecedent Control Procedures Antecedent control procedures: antecedent stimuli are manipulated to evoke desirable behaviours, so that they can be differentially reinforced, & to decrease undesirable behaviours that interfere with the desirable behaviours o Involves manipulating some aspect of the physical or social environment to evoke a desired response, or to make a competing undesirable behaviour less likely Desirable behaviours may not occur often when the discriminative stimuli (SD) are not present in the persons environment Ex the SD for eating healthy foods is the presence of healthy foods in the kitchen, but if they are not present, the person will be less likely to eat such foods o Cal bought healthy foods + kept them in his kitchen o He also presented cues for the appropriate behaviour he arranged for stimulus or response prompts to evoke the desirable behaviour Made a list of healthy foods to buy when he went shopping (stimulus cue) Asked his roommate to remind him to eat healthy (response prompt) His food graph was a reminder (stimulus prompt) to eat right By presenting the SD or cues for the behavior, you are arranging the right conditions for the behavior to occur You arrange the SD or cues for behavior by changing some aspect of the physical or social environment Arranging Establishing Operations for the Desirable Behaviors Establishing operation: an environmental event or biological condition that changes the value of a stimulus as a reinforcer www.notesolution.com
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