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Chapter 14

Chapter 14 – Procedures Based on Principles of Respondent Conditioning 2008

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 14 Procedures Based on Principles of Respondent Conditioning Operant Versus Respondent Behavior N Operant conditioning (Skinner) behavior that operates on the environment can be modified by its consequences N Respondent conditioning (Skinner term -:9!,;O4;L,343L9L43L3J deals with automatic stimulus- response relationships. Respondent Conditioning N Deals with behaviors that are elicited automatically by some stimulus o 40839574:.0,30Z-0K,;L47 o Causes an existing behavior to occur o Involves reflexive behavior o New stimulus-response sequence is learned N Unconditioned Stimulus (US) stimulus that elicits a response without prior learning or conditioning N Unconditioned response (UR) response elicited by a US. N Conditioned stimulus (CS) originally neutral now elicits reflective response. N Conditioned response (CR) learned reflective response to conditioned stimulus. N Neutral Stimulus stimuli that do not elicit a particular response in a particular individual o Ex: Classical Music will not cause a person to automatically salivate. N Principle of Respondent Conditioning A neutral stimulus followed closely in time by a US, which elicits a UR, then the previously neutral stimulus will also tend to elicit the same response Factors Influencing Respondent Conditioning N The greater the number of pairings of a CS with a US, the greater is the ability of the CS to elicit the CR o Until a maximum strength of the conditioned reflex is reached. N Stronger conditioning occurs if the CS precedes the US by about half a second, rather than by a longer time or rather than following the US. o Conditioned taste aversion exception to the rule N A CS acquires greater ability to elicit a CR if the CS is always paired with a given US than if it is only occasionally paired with the US. www.notesolution.com
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