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Chpt 24.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Amanda Uliaszek

Behaviour Analysis: Chapter 24 Behavioural Contracts and Self-Management 1) Using Behavioural Contracts  behv contract aka contingency contract is a formal doc that descbs e/ target behv & states when it should/shouldn’t be performed as well as the outcomes of performing that behv  specifies antecedents & conseq’s that will apply in the intervention Components of Behavioural Contracts:  developed & signed by target person w/ min 1 mediator w/ a schedule for reviewing progress  good behv contract should clearly descb: o Target behvs & antecedents – when should/shouldn’t occur, behv goals o Monitoring process – who will observe, type of data to be collected & how it will be recorded o Consequences Negotiating the Terms of a Behavioural Contract:  Should be negotiated and signed by all parties, not imposed  Should show the desired outcomes of all (ex: delinquent child & parents too)  Contain few flaws in contract design  Rewards should not get boring/ lose incentive (perhaps have several to choose from) Settings for Applying Behavioural Contracts:  Can be in many diff settings: home, work, classrooms, clinics/institutions Benefits of Using Behavioural Contracts:  5 benefits: o 1. Reduce disagreements b/c all know their roles o 2. Greater commitment to fulfilling their roles after they sign o 3. Program goals more clear to target person o 4. Negotiating ↑ likelihood prog consists successful elements o 5. May improve way parties interact  2) Using Self-Management Methods Goals:  4 broad goals: o Being more effective/efficient o Breaking bad habits o Developing good habits o Mastering diff skills Self-monitoring and Behavioural Contracts:  Data collection & graphic analysis = impt  Before designing/conducting self intervention, should perform functional assessment to determine exact behv as well as antecedents & conseq’s  Then, data must be collected in baseline & intervention phases  allows graphic analysis to determine whether targ behv has changed  2 difference b/w self-management & applied behv analysis o 1. Self-monitoring tens to change the behv in the desired direction (self-monitoring IS a behv change method in self-management)  Nail biting  when they self-monitor their behv o 2. Target person has almost total control over provisions of behv contract  Can est. cost, time, money (benefit of contracts) Managing Antecedents in Self-Management:  Antecedent manipulations: motivating operations, prompts (also used in behv analysis)  Self-management methods also can be more cognitive Applying Motivating Operations:  Motivating operations (MO) : alter effectiveness of a reinforce r punishe  2 t
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