Textbook Notes (368,651)
Canada (162,033)
Psychology (9,696)
PSYB45H3 (1,081)
Chapter 4

PSYB45 - chapter 4.pdf

4 Pages
75 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Amanda Uliaszek
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYB45|chapter4|someareasof effective application Friday,February01,2013 4:16PM PARENTINGANDPARENT-CHILDRELATIONSHIPS • e.g.4yearoldTim sasseshismother ○ Mothercan:  Respondinacoercive/dominatingmanner-e.g.snapping"youarea brat today" - Developintoacoercivepattern → Characterizefamilyinteractions Trainingingeneralparentingskills • Teachingparentsbehavioranalysisskills ○ Changeparentsbehavior->changekids'behavior • Learnhowto usereinforcement,modelingetc. • Modelinganddiscussionareusefulforteachingparentsbehaviorchangemethods Correctingachildexistingdifficulties • Parenttrainingiseffectiveintreatingmanychildhoodproblems ○ e.g.children'soppositionalbehaviorandbedwetting • Oppositionalbehavior-actinginahostileandcontrarymannere.g.frequentlyarguing,ignorerules ○ Case:oppositionalbehaviorof4yearoldEddie  Observedina20minplaysession -showed200oppositionalbehavior,only30cooperative  Taughtparent: - Whenoppositionalbehavioroccurs:punishhimbyputtinghiminanemptyroom - Whencooperativebehavioroccurs:rewardbysmiling ○ Trainparents:manageantecedents+consequence->prevent+correctoppositionalbehavior • Bedwetting/nocturnalenuresis-wettingthebedatleasttwicea monthafterreaching5 yearof age ○ Peoplewiththisproblemdon'twakeupwhenbladderexiststhelimit  Solution1:use urinealarmapparatus -alarms whenitsensesliquid - Involvesoperant&respondentconditioning - Operant: B(wetting) ----->C(loudbell) - Respondent: → US(loudbell)------------->UR(wakingup) → CS(bladdertension)---->CR(wakingup)  Solution2:a programof operantconditioningtechnique -child+parentas participants - Parentswakechildupperiodicallyduring1stweek:preventincident → Ifbedisdry: praise+encouragehimtousethetoilet → Ifbediswet:changepajama+ makethemremakethebed EDUCATION Enhancinginstructionalmethods • Useofcomputersinclassroomrootedfromtheconcept: ○ Programmedinstruction- a self-teachingprocessinwhichstudentslearnmaterialspresentedstep-by-stepasa seriesofdiscreteitemswithcorrectivefeedbackintextbooks/technologicaldevices  Advancedform =computer-assistedinstruction(CAI) -usescomputerto teachstudentsviaa seriesof lessons - Explainsconcepts,giveexamples,askquestions,givefeedbacks.. • Personalizedsystemofinstruction(PSI)/ kellerplan-dividescoursecontentintounits(modules)->havetestready-> immediatefeedback ○ Studentmustgetatleast80% oneach module ○ Effectiveanprimary,secondary,college ○ Problem:masterycriteriaandstudentprocrastination Improvingclassroomconduct • Teacherslookforantecedentsintheclassroomstoalterthoseantecedents • Consequencehavegreatimpactonbehavior ○ Teachercanemployconsequencee.g.praising+payattentionforontaskbehavior ○ Decreasedisruptivebehaviorby:notgivingattention ○ Improveclassroomconductby:rewards Morereinforcement,lesspunishment ○ Morereinforcement,lesspunishment  Showgreatergainsinacademicachievements INSTRUCTION FORPEOPLE WITHDEVELOPMETNAL DISABILITIES • Developmentaldisability-significantandbroadlimitationinlearning/performingmental,physical/socialactivities ○ Greatdifficultyinlearningalmostallskills Trainingpeoplewithmentalretardation • Mentalretardation:2maincharacteristics: ○ Subaverageintellectualfunctioning ○ Deficienciesinadaptivebehaviore.g.literacy • IQtest ○ Mild(53-69): educable-benefitfromspecialeducationprograms ○ Moderate(38-52):trainable,poormotorcoordination • Causeformentalretardation: ○ Abnormalbraindevelopmentduetogeneticdisorder ○ Prenataldamages ○ Diseases ○ Usuallyresultedfromenvironmentaldeprivation • Trainingneedsalotofeffort ○ Breaktasksintosmallsteps ○ Introduceantecedents ○ Monitorperformance ○ Rewardforcorrectresponse Trainingchildrenwithautism • Autism- developmentaldisordercharacterizedbyanearlyonset,severedeficitsinsocialandlanguagebehaviors,and excessesindisruptiveandattentivebehaviors • Trainingwithsimplesttaskse.g.startwitheyecontact ○ Buildingoneskillfromonetasktonext • Showmanytimes • Feedbackwithrewardsforcorrectperformances • Theyshowbehavioralexcess ○ repetitive/ritualistic behaviors-e.g.rockingback and fourth,flappinghands  Showdecreaseinthesebehaviorsusingbehavioralmethods ○ Self-injuriousbehavior-smashingtheirheadsagainstthewall ○ Echolalia- repeatwhatpeoplesay Amodel interventionforchildrenwith autism • interventi
More Less

Related notes for PSYB45H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit