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PSYB45H3 (1,081)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8 review

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell
Semester
Summer

Description
Chapter 8Respondent Conditioning Operant conditioning involves the manipulation of consequencesOperant behaviours are controlled by their consequences Respondent conditioning involves the manipulation of antecedent stimuliRespondent behaviours are controlled elicited by antecedent stimuli Defining Respondent Conditioning Unconditioned responses URs responses elicited by antecedent stimuli even though no conditioning or learning has occurred Natural reflexive action of the body that occur when a US is presentExample blinking when something is in your eye Unconditioned stimulus US unconditioned stimulus that elicits an unconditioned responseHumans have evolved to respond to US because URs have survival value Respondent conditioning occurs when a previously neutral stimulus NS is paired with a US the NS and US are presented togetherAsa result the NS becomes the conditioned stimulus CS and elicits a conditioned response CR Respondent conditioning is also called classical conditioning or Pavlovian conditioning Just about any stimulus can become a CS if it is paired a number of times with a USBodily responses involved in Autonomic Nervous System arousalIncreased heart rate Increased respirationIncreased muscle tensionIncreased blood flow to major muscles Decreased blood flow to skinSecretion of adrenalin in the bloodstream Increased sweating Dry mouthPupil dilation Decreased gastrointestinal activity
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