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Chapter 7

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell
Semester
Summer

Description
Chapter Seven: Stimulus Control: Discrimination and Generalization -consequences are important in the control of operant behavior. Operant behavior is strengthened when it is followed by a reinforcing consequences; it is weakened when the reinforcing consequence no longer follows the behavior (exitinction) -a punishing consequence also weakens the behavior -bc operant behavior is controlled by its consequences, behavior analysts analyze the events that follow the behavior to understand why it is occurring, than they manipulate the consequences of the behavior to modify it. Antecedents: stimulus events that precede an operant response. The antecedents f a behavior are the stimuli, events, situations, or circumstances that are present when it occurs or were present immediately before the behavior. -when we understand the antecedents of operant behavior, we have info on the circumstances in which the behavior was reinforced and the circumstances in which the behavior was not reinforced or was punished a behavior will continue to occur in a situation in which it as reinforced in the past, and stops occuring in situations in which it has not been reinforced or has been punished. Example of Stimulus Control -jake wants cash from his parents. He asks his mom and she usually gives him money. When he asks his dad, his dad usually refuses to give him any money and tells him to get a job. STORY OF MY LIFE :P. As a result, he usually asks his mom for money instead of his dad. His behavior of asking for money was reinforced in one situation (the presence of his mom) and was not reinforced in another situation (presence of his dad). The ANTECEDENT STIMULUS(presence of his mom) reinforces his behavior so he is more likely to ask his mom for money instead of his dad. -another example is picking bright red strawberries instead of green ones bc the green ones are sour. The bright red antecedent stimulus is reinforced, which the green strawberry antecedent stimulus is punished (its tastes nasty). She will pick strawberries when an establishing operation is present (she in hungry) she will not pick strawberries if the EO is not present. Defining Stimulus Control Stimulus Control: a behavior is more likely to occur when a specific antecedent stimulus is present -a behavior is said to be under STIMULUS CONTROL when there is an increased prbability that the behavior will occur in the presence of a specific antecedent stimulus or a stimulus from a specific stimulus class (stimulus class- ie. red strawberries are a stimulus class. any one particular red strawberry is a member of this stimulus class.) Developing Stimulus Control: Stimulus Discrimination Training -stimulus control develops bc a behavior is reinforced only in the presence of a particular antecedent stimulus. Therefore, the behavior continues to occur in the future only when that antecedent stimulus is present. D Discriminative Stimulus (S ): the antecedent stimulus that is present when a behavior is reinforced Stimulus Discrimination Training: the process of reinforcing a behavior only when a specific antecedent D stimulus (S ) is present 2 STEPS are involved in stimulus discrimination training: D 1. when the (S ) is present, the behavior is reinforced 2. When any other antecedent stimuli except the (S ) are present, the behavior is reinforcced. During discrimination training, any antecedent stimulus that is present when the behavior is NOT REINFORCED is called the S-DELTA. -as a result of discrimination training, a behavior is more likely to occur in the future when the (S ) is present but is LESS likely to occur when an S-DELTA is present -THIS IS THE DEFINITION OF STIMULUS CONTROL D -important: the presence of an (S ) DOES NOT cause behavior to occur, it does NOT strengthen a beh
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