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Chapter 17

B45 - Chapter 17

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Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 17PSYB45 Chapter 17 Using Punishment TimeOut and Response Cost TimeOutWhen children do something wrong and they are told to sitout until they are ready to play example of TimeOutTypes of TimeoutTimeout loss of access to positive reinforcers for a brief period contingent on the problem behavior o Result is a decrease in the future probability of the problem behaviorTimeout from positive reinforcement a type of negative punishment in which contingent on the occurrence of the problem behavior the person loses access to positive reinforcers for a brief period Typically the person is removed from the reinforcing environment in a timeout procedureTwo types o Nonexclusionary timeout o Exclusionary timeoutExclusionary timeout a timeout procedure in which the person is briefly removed from the reinforcing environmenttypically to another roomcontingent on the occurrence of a problem behaviorNonexclusionary timeout A type of timeout procedure in which contingent on the problem behavior the person is removed from all sources of reinforcement but is not removed from the room where the problem behavior occurred o Appropriate if having the person remain in the room is not disruptive to other people in the room o Also must be removed from access to positive reinforcersUsing Reinforcement with TimeOutWhen timeout is used or any punishment procedure a differential reinforcement procedure should also be usedTimeout will decrease rate of problem behavior and differential reinforcement increases an alternative behavior to replace the problem DRA o The replacement of the behavior prevents behavior from reemerging since there is a chance to be a net loss in reinforcementConsiderations in Using TimeOutNumber of considerations to use timeout effectivelyWhat is the Function of the Problem BehaviorTimeout is appropriate to use with problem behaviors that are maintained by positive reinforcement involving social or tangible reinforcersTimein environment environment in which behavior occurs o Must consisit of positively reinforcing activitiesinteractions for timeout to be effectiveTimeout is not appropriate to use with problem behaviors maintained by negative reinforcement or sensory stimulation o Timeout would negatively reinforce behaviors maintained by escapeWhen a problem behavior is maintained by sensory stimulation timeout is not appropriate because it would not function as timeout from positive reinforcement o Timeout would give them an opportunity to engage in problem behavior alone and without interruption during timeout reinforcing
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