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Chapter 27

Chapter 27

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Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 27Cognitive Behaviour Modificationcognition belief thought expectancy attitude or perceptioncognitive therapists help clients overcome difficulties by getting rid of unproductive debilitating thoughts or beliefs and adopting more constructive onescognitive therapist and behaviour modifiers both agree that the criterion for judging the effectiveness of any treatment is the amount of measurable improvement that occurs in the clients behaviour cognitive therapycognitive behaviour modification procedures1treatments that emphasize cognitive reconstructing to decrease maladaptive thoughts that are assumed to cause troublesome emotions2selfdirected strategies to enhance overt coping skills3treatments that include mindfulness acceptance and values as important components of therapycognitive restructuring focus on substituting rational thoughts and appraisal of information for irrational or dysfunctional thinking Ex client thinks I always screw up therapists change those thoughts and replace them with more rational selfstatementscognitive behaviour modification focus on teaching selfinstructional and problem solving strategies to help clients emit overt behaviour to cope with difficult situationsAlbert Elliswell known cognitive therapistrationalemotive therapy RET original name for his cognitive approach based on premise that everyday emotion stemmed from irrational interpretations of peoples daily lives people think inabsolute terms I must do well on all my coursesovergeneralize I failed one exam I will probably fail everythingcatastrophize I wake up late late for class and get stuck in traffic I am a walking disaster3 phases of RET1Ellis helps clients identify the troublesome thoughts2Ellis challenges irrational beliefs ex you live in a city everyone will get stuck in traffic3Client is taughtto replace irrational thoughts with rational thoughtsrationalemotive behaviour therapy REBT Ellis later on added the word behaviour because he frequently uses in vivo behavioural homework assignmentsAaron T Beckaccording to Beck people with emotional disorders engage in aberrant fallacious or dysfunctional thinking such as1dichotomous thinkingthinking in absolute terms assuming anything less than an A is failing2arbitrary inferenceconcluding from inadequate evidence someone frowning means they hate u3overgeneralizationgeneralizing over few instances fail once mean you fail in life4magnificationexaggeration its the end of the world if you do not get something you want3 phases1Beck helps client identify dysfunctional thoughts that may be causing emotions2once it has been identified a method is used to counteract it3homework assignments that contain liberal doses of behaviour modification procedures to develop desirable daily activities
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