Textbook Notes (362,776)
Canada (158,052)
Psychology (9,545)
PSYB45H3 (1,056)
Jessica Dere (568)
Chapter 18


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University of Toronto Scarborough
Jessica Dere

CHAPTER 18 – ANTECEDENT CONTROL: MODELING, PHYSICAL GUIDANCE, AND SITUATIONAL INDUCEMENT A MINDFULNESS-BASED INTERVENTION FOR AGRESSION • Mindfulness involves becoming fully aware of one’s sensations, thoughts, feelings, and observable behavior on a moment to moment basis • By following a procedure called soles of the feet, James learnt to divert his attention from whatever was making him angry at a particular moment by focusing on the soles of his feet CAPITALIZING ON EXISTING SIMULUS CONTROL A. MODELING • Modeling: is a procedure by which a sample of a given behavior is demonstrated to an individual to induce that individual to engage in a similar behavior o Our history of reinforcement and punishment for imitating others is an important factor 1. Arrange for peers to be models • People are more likely to imitate those who are similar to them in various ways (age, socioeconomic status, physical experience, etc.) • Friends and peers are more likely to be imitated than are strangers or individuals outside one’s peer group • Symbolic modeling: the presentation of modeling scenes through films, videos, and other media o Can sometimes be as effective as the normal modeling 2. Arrange for the modeled behavior to be seen to be effective • To capitalize on this factor, arrange for the learner to observe the model emit the desired behavior and receive reinforcement o Example: you will more likely imitate discussion points that your friend uses if he consistently gets his point across and wins compared to your friend who fails to do the same and loses • High-status and high prestige persons are more likely to be imitated than individuals of lower class and prestige 3. Use multiple models • The number of people modeling a particular behavior is a factor in determining whether the behavior will be imitated o Example: Sarah’s drinking behavior only decreased when 4 other friends modeled half of her drinks 4. Combine modeling with rules • Behavioral rehearsal or role-playing: when a client rehearses particular behaviors (plays a role) in a practice setting to increase the likelihood that the client will follow theses behaviors appropriately in the real world • A combination of instructions, modeling, behavioral rehearsal, and consequence management has been used to enhance performance in a variety of areas, such as social skills training and anger management training GUIDELINES FOR USING MODELING PG 220 B. PHYS
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