Textbook Notes (368,566)
Canada (161,966)
Psychology (9,696)
PSYB45H3 (1,081)
Jessica Dere (593)
Chapter 20

CHAPTER 20 – BEHAVIORAL ASSESMENT.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Jessica Dere
Semester
Winter

Description
CHAPTER 20 – BEHAVIORAL ASSESMENT: INITIAL CONSIDERATIONS • Behavioral assessment: involves the collection and analysis of information and data in order to (a) identify and describe target behavior (b) identify possible causes of the behavior (c) select appropriate treatment strategies to modify the behavior and (d) evaluate treatment outcome MINIMAL PHASES OF A PROGRAM • A successful behavior modification program involves 4 phases: 1. Screening or intake phase • In this phase, the client completes an intake form which asks for general information • A. Determine whether a particular agency or behavior modifier is the appropriate one to deal with a potential clients behavior, and if not the results should indicate which agency should work with the client • B. Informs the client about the agency’s or practitioner’s policies and procedures related to service provision • C. Screen for the presence of a crisis condition that might require immediate intervention • D. Gather sufficient information through client interview and psychological tests to diagnose the client according to the standardized categories of mental disorder • E. Provide specific information about which behaviors should be assessed 2. Preprogram assessment phase • During this phase, the behavior modifier assesses the target behavior to determine its level prior to the introduction of the program or treatment and analyzes the individuals current environment to identify possible controlling variables of the behavior to be changed 3. Treatment phase • The behavior modifier will then design a program to bring about the desired behavior change • Emphasis of changing the program if it doesn’t make the desired change in the individual 4. Follow-up phase • Conducted to determine whether the improvements achieved during treatment are maintained after the programs terminations • Consists of precise observation or assessment in the natural environment or under circumstances in which the behavior is expected to occur SOURCES OF INFORMATION FOR A PREPROGRAM ASSESMENT 1. Indirect assessment procedures • Advantages: convenient; not requiring an inordinate amount of time; and potentially providing information about covert behaviors • Disadvantages: those providing information might not remember relevant observations accurately or have biases that would influence them to provide inaccurate data A. Interviews with the client and significant others • The behavior therapist will: (a) Help the client identify major problem areas (b) Select one or two problem areas for initial treatment focus (c) Translate the problem areas into specific behavioral deficits or excesses (d) Attempt to identify controlling variables of the problem behavi
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