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PSYB45H3 (1,081)
Chapter 19

Chapter 19 Book Notes

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Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 19: Promoting Generalization Generality Training produces generality when the trained behavior transfers from training situation to the natural envt when training leads to the development of new behavior that has not been specifically trained or when the trained behavior is maintained in the natural envt over time. Stimulus generalization Stimulus generalization occurs when behavior becomes more probable in the presence of 1 stimulus or situation as result of having been reinforced in the presence of another stimulus or situation. Several reasons for the occurrence of stimulus generalization. 1. the more physically similar 2 stimuli are the more stimulus generalization will occur bw them (ex: 2 similar-looking berries). This is inherited (unlearned) characteristics. 2. Stimulus generalization might occur from 1 stimulus to another because we have learned that the 2 stimuli are members of a stimulus common-element class- a set of stimuli that have
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