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Canada (162,359)
Psychology (9,698)
PSYB45H3 (1,081)
Chapter 1

Behaviour Modification Chapter 1

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Zachariah Campbell

Behaviour Modification The characteristics that define behaviour are Behaviour is what people do and sayBehaviour involves a persons actionsit is described with action verbsbehaviour is not a static characteristic of the personif you say a person is angry you have not identified the persons behaviouryou have labeled the person If you identify what the person says or does when angry then you have identified behaviorBehaviours have one or more dimensions that can be measuredfrequency of behaviour duration of behaviour intensity of behaviour speed of behaviour or latency from some event to the start of a behaviourthese are all physical dimensions of behaviourBehaviours can be observed described and recorded by others or by the person engaging in the behaviour this is true because behaviour is an actionBehaviours have an impact on the environment including the physical or the social environment because behaviour is an action that involves moment through space and time the occurrence of behaviour has some effect on the environment in which it occursBehaviour is lawful that is its occurrence is systematically influenced by environmental eventsbasic behavioural principles describer the functional relationships between our behaviour and environmental eventsThese basic behavioural principles are the building blocks of behaviour modification procedures once you understand the environmental events that cause behaviours to occur you can change the events in the environment to alter behaviour Behaviours may be overt or covert Most often behaviour modification procedures are used to understand and change overt behaviours an action that can be observed and recorded by a person other than the one engaging in the behaviour However some behaviour is covert aka private events not observable to others for example thinking Behaviour modification is the field of psychology concerned with analyzing and modifying human behaviouranalyzing means identifying functional relationships between environmental events and a particular behaviour to understand the reasons for behaviour or to determine why the behaviour occurred Modifying means developing and implementing procedure to help people change their behaviourit involves altering environmental events so as to influence behaviour The goal of behaviour modification procedures is this improves some aspect of a persons life Behaviour modification has as focus on behaviourprocedures are designed to change behaviour not a personal characteristic or trait for this reason behaviour mod deemphasizes labelling Behavioural excesses and deficits are targets for change with behaviour modification procedures The behaviour to be modified is called the target behaviour Behavioural excess is an undesirable target behaviour the person wants to decrease in frequency duration of intensity ex smoking Behaviour deficit is a desirable target behaviour the person wants to increase in frequency duration or intensity exercising and studyingCharacteristics of Behaviour modification Procedures are based on behavioural principles Behaviour mod is the application of basic principles originally derived from experimental research with laboratory animals The scientific study of behaviour is called experimental analysis of behaviour or behaviour analysis The scientific study of human behaviour to help people change behaviour in meaningful ways is called applied behaviour analysisEmphasis on current environmental eventsbehaviour mod involves assessing and modifying the current environmental events that are functionally related to the behaviour human behaviour is
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