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Chapter 3

PSYB45 Chapter 3 Detailed notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 3Graphing Behavior and Measuring ChangePeople who use behavior mod define target behavior carefully and observe and record behavioroCan document whether behavior has changed when behavior mod is implemented Primary tool used to document behavior is a graphGraph visual representation of occurrence of behavior over timeoAfter instances of target behavior are recorded info is transferred to graphoEfficient way to view occurrence of behavior because it shows results of recording during many observation periodsoBehavior analysts use graphs to identify level of behavior before treatment and after treatment beginsoEasier to compare levels of behavior before during and afterComponents of a GraphTime and behavior are two variables Each data point gives two pieces of infooWhen behavior was recorded timeoLevel of behavior at the timeTime is indicated on horizontal axisoAbscissa xaxisLevel of behavior is indicated on vertical axisoOrdinate yaxisSix components are necessary for graph to be completeoYaxis and xaxisBoth axis meet at bottom left of pageMost graphs have xaxis longer than
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