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PSYB45H3 (1,056)
Chapter 8

PSYB45 Chapter 8 Detailed notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 8Respondent ConditioningOperant behaviors controlled by consequencesOperant conditioning involves manipulation of consequencesRespondent behaviors controlled by antecedent stimuliRespondent conditioning involves manipulation of antecedent stimuliDefining Respondent ConditioningCertain types of stimuli typically elicit specific types of bodily responsesUnconditioned responses elicited by antecedent stimuli even though no conditioning or learning has occurred Naturally reflexive action of the body that occurs when US is present Common to all peopleUnconditioned stimulus UR occurs in all healthy people when US is presentedConditioned stimulus when neutral stimulus is paired with US NS becomes CSConditioned response elicited when presented with conditioned stimulusRespondent conditioningclassical conditioningpavlovian conditioningIvan PavlovoShowed that dogs salivated when meat powder was placed in their mouthsoFound that dog salivated to sound of metronome without meat powder in mouthoSound of metronome became CS because it was paired with number of times with meat powderTiming of Neutral Stimulus and Unconditioned StimulusTiming of NS and US is important if respondent conditioning is to occurTrace conditioning NS precedes US but NS ends before US is presentedDelay conditioning NS is presented and then US is presented before NS endsSimultaneous conditioning NS and US presented at same timeBackward condit
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