Textbook Notes (368,804)
Canada (162,172)
Psychology (9,697)
PSYB45H3 (1,081)


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Zachariah Campbell

RESPONDENT CONDITIONINGChapter8Operant ConditioningA Reinforcement B Extinction C PunishmentD Stimulus Control Operant Behaviorcontrolled by their consequences Operant ConditioningInvolves the manipulation of consequencesRespondent BehaviorAre controlled elicited by antecedent stimuli Respondent ConditioningInvolves the manipulation of antecedent stimuli DEFINING RESPONDENT CONDITIONINGaka Classical ConditioningUnconditioned Responses URsResponses are elicited by antecedent stimuli even though no conditioning or learning has occurred Unconditioned Stimulus US causes the unconditioned responseEg Unconditioned StimulusUnconditioned ResponsesObject touches infants lipssucking reflexFood in mouthSalivationForeign object in throughGag reflexStimulation in the throatCoughing Unconditioned Responses usually have survival values indicated Natural reflexive action of the body that occurs when US is present Respondent Conditioningoccurs when a previously neutral stimulus NS is paired with a US and presented togetherAs a result the NS becomes a Conditioned stimulus CS and elicits a conditioned Response CR similar to the unconditioned responseAn Unconditioned response or a Conditioned Response is called a respondent behaviorRespondent conditioning aka Classical ConditioningPavlovs Dog Salivation Experiment Dogs salivated when meat powder US was placed in their mouths and will elicit a URPavlov presented a Neutral stimulus sound of a metronome just before he put the meat power into the dogs mouthPresented meat powder sound together a number of timesDog salivated to the sound without the meat powder in the mouth The sound because a CS because it was paired a number of times with the meat power which was USEg USis the blast of air into her face URelicits blinking CSclicking soundCR clicking sound elicits the blinking
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