Textbook Notes (368,326)
Canada (161,799)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYB45H3 (1,081)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1

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Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 1 Introduction to Behavior Modification Defining Behavior Human behavior is the subject matter of behavior modification Behavior is what people do and say o Described with action verbs o Not a static characteristic of a person o Ex. Jennifer screamed at her mother, ran upstairs, and slammed the door to her room behavior that may be labeled as anger Behaviors have one or more dimensions that can be measured o You can measure the frequency of behavior count the number of times a behavior occurs o You can measure duration of behavior the time from when an instance of the behavior starts until it stops o You can measure intensity of behavior o *All three are physical dimensions of a behavior Behaviors can be observed, described, and recorded by others or by the person engaging in the behavior Behaviors have an impact on the environment, including the physical or the social environment Behavior is lawful; its occurrence is systematically influenced by environmental events o Basic behavioral principles describe how our behavior is influenced by, or occurs as a function of, environmental events they are building blocks of behavior modification procedures o Ex. Disruptive behavior is functionally related to the level of teacher attention Behaviors may be overt or covert o Most often, behavior modification procedures are used to understand and change overt behaviors o Overt behavior an action that can be observed and recorded by a person other than the one engaging in the behavior o Covert behaviors also called private events; are not observable to others; ex. Thinking o The field of behavior modification focuses primarily on overt or observable behaviors Defining Behavior Modification www.notesolution.com
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