Textbook Notes (363,127)
Canada (158,212)
Psychology (9,569)
PSYB45H3 (1,059)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 3 Graphing Behavior and Measuring Change Primary tool used to document behavior change is a graph a visual representation of the occurrence of a behavior over time Graph is efficient because it shows the results of recording during many observation periods Use graphs to identify the level of behavior before treatment and after treatment begins The long period after treatment has been implemented is called the follow-up period Components of a Graph In a typical graph, time and behavior are the two variables Each point gives you the time of the behavior and the level at that time Time horizontal axis (x-axisabscissa) Level of behavior vertical axis (y-axisordinate) 6 components are necessary for the graph to be complete: o The y-axis and x-axis X and y meet at the bottom left of the page X-axis usually longer than y-axis (1-2 times as long) o The labels for the y-axis and x-axis Y-axis tells you the behavior and the dimension of behavior that is recorded X-axis tells you the unit of time during which the behavior is recorded o The numbers on the y-axis and the x-axis On the y-axis, the numbers indicate the units of measurement of the behavior On the x-axis, the numbers indicate the units of measurement of time There should be a harsh mark on both axiss to correspond to each of the numbers o Data points Information taken from data sheet or other behavior recording instrument Each point is connected to the adjacent point by a line o Phase lines A vertical line on a graph that indicates a change in treatment www.notesolution.com
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