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PSYB45H3 (1,081)


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Zachariah Campbell

BEHAVIORAL SKILLS TRAINING PROCEDURESChapter12Four Behavioral Skills Training BST Procedures1 Modeling 2 Instructions 3 Rehearsal 4 FeedbackUsed together in training sessions to help a person acquire useful skills such as social skillsBST procedures typically used to teach skills that can be simulated in a roleplay context Examples of Behavioral Skills Training ProceduresTeaching Marcia to say No to the professorsShe is a secretary at a university has not been able to refuse these unreasonable requestsShe is seeing a psychologists who use roleplays to assess Marcias assertiveness skills and to teach her how to act more assertivelyDrMills psychologist uses both instructions and modeling After DrMills models this assertive behaviorMarcia gets an opportunity to practice it rehearsalDrMills then gives her feedback on her performanceComponents of the Behavioral Skills Training Procedure ModelingCorrect behavior is demonstrated for the learnerFor modeling to be effective the learner must have an imitative repertoire that is the learner has to be able to pay attention to the model and perform the behavior that the model just demonstrated Reinforcement for imitation typically starts early in a childs lifeImitating modelsteachers parents siblings and peersreinforced many timesModeling may be live or it may be symbolicA Live modelinganother person demonstrates the appropriate behavior in the appropriate situationB Symbolic modelingThe correct behavior is demonstrated on videotape audiotape or possibly in a cartoon or a movieA number of factors influence the effectiveness of modeling Bandura 1977When model exhibits correct behavior it should result in a successful outcome a Reinforcer for the modelModel should resemble the people observing the model or should have high status Complexity of the models behavior should be appropriate to the developmental or ability level of the learnerLeaner has to pay attention to the model to learn the behavior being modeledModeled behavior must occur in the proper contextModeled behavior should be repeated as often as necessary for the learner to imitate it correctlyBehavior should be modeled in a variety of ways and in a variety of situations to enhance generalizationLearner should have an opportunity to rehearse imitate the behavior as soon as possible after observing the model Instructions Describe the appropriate behavior for the learner
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